Bung Karno's Geostrategic Philosophy for World Peace

The great leader of the Indonesia, Bung Karno called out for world peace, in front of the leaders from 25 countries who attended the 1961 Non-Aligned Movement Summit, in Yugoslavia.

This human emancipation call out  is based on a noble desire, because for the sake of world peace, nations are obliged to respect each other’s integrity and territorial sovereignity.

This call from the first President of the Republic of Indonesia is idiomatic of a fundamental principle: all nations take one position of independent autonomy in general.

At this point, Bung Karno held a key position in the association of newly sovereigned countries that are the pacifists.

And indeed, Ir. Soekarno became a popular international figure, who was so great at proclaiming the implementation of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which neither taking sides with the West Block or the East Block.

In this contribution, Indonesia emphasizes the significance of certainty in the course of world peace history.

So this very strategic position also indicates that Indonesia’s role is very significant internationally.

Therefore, NAM is one of the platforms needed to continue to voice peace and respect for the principles of international law.

This semiotics was also embedded in Bung Karno’s thoughts for peace, which so directly promoted the principles of equality of national honor and dignity.

This place to reside was the idea of NAM, which Bung Karno raised for the sake of nations so that they must have dignity as nations in Asia, Africa, America and even Europe.

So he, the proclaimer of the Indonesian has strong thoughts about peace, and has a strong vision for achieving world peace.

Thus, peace as defined by Bung Karno, among other things, includes solidarity, social justice and anti-colonialism.

In fact, a number of these idiomatic concepts were laid down by Bung Karno just long before Indonesia’s independence. These traces can be examined in his book “Indonesia Menggugat” (1963).

“Indonesia Mengugat” is one of Bung Karno’s masterpieces which emphasized very clearly, and highlights issues of peace, independence and social justice.

Therefore, solidarity between nations is an important aspect in Bung Karno’s view of peace.

This great leader of the Indonesia believes that other nations must support each other and work together to achieve common goals: world order and lasting peace.


Participate in carrying out world order

Indonesia provides inspiration and motivation for other nations in defining and upholding global peace, as shown by Bung Karno in the Non-Aligned Movement.

Contextually, the constitutional basis contained in the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution requires that Indonesia have to “participate in carrying out world order based on freedom, eternal peace and social justice.”

As a country with the fourth largest population in the world and a strategic position in Southeast Asia and the world, Indonesia is legally obliged to have an important role in maintaining world peace.

The role it plays is actively involved in bilateral, regional and international diplomacy to manifest dialogue, cooperation and mediation in resolving conflicts between countries.

One thing that cannot be simply ignored, Indonesia is a country that is so firmly adhere to the tradition of peace and cultural plurality, this naturally multiplies its role as a mediator in interstate conflicts, both in the Southeast Asian region and in Europe such as the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

It must be admitted that Indonesia is not in a position to immediately resolve the Russia-Ukraine war which erupted on February 24 2022.

Nevertheless, the concept of the Indonesian nation is a pacifist which is also mandated by the constitution to “participate in carrying out world order based on independence, eternal peace and social justice,” and as a member of the United Nations and a supporter of the principle of international peace, it is certain that Indonesia is not stunned to fight for a peaceful resolution to conflicts around the world, including the conflict between Russia and Ukraine.

So Indonesia’s contribution from here also provides a perspective on Indonesian foreign policy that is independent and active in regional and global roles.

This geostrategy is intended for Indonesia to be more independent and active to help and advance world peace, especially in countries that are hit by conflict or war such as Russia-Ukraine.

Thus, Indonesia plays its role by using an independent-active foreign policy path, and using diplomacy to reach consensus.

Therefore, Indonesia, which has the principle of not interfering in others’ internal affairs, is more flexible in submitting resolutions to international forums.


Analyzing global conditions

Nowadays, the problem of globalization means that various nations are still circling around the same problems, including disputes and war – even more terrifying.

World peace has not yet been fully established. However, what Bung Karno called for is still valid, still relevant, and actual.

Because Indonesia is confirmed to have the ability and capacity to play a central role in the endeavors to achieve the world peace.

Nevertheless, if Indonesia realizes that if armed conflict between countries or armed groups does not seek to achieve common ground, it will certainly be a threat to world peace.

At least from here, international political instability is so raging out there, ultimately causing regional or global destruction.

Currently, the atmosphere or events that show instability and disharmony between Russia and the United States (and Europe) due to the Russia-Ukraine war, are a clear sign: obstacles to peace are being formed.

Therefore, Indonesia submitted a peace proposal in order to realize world peace as a noble goal shared by all nations.

That is why the ties between nations that Bung Karno once encouraged – both with the emergence of the Asia-Africa Conference and the Non-Aligned Movement – are geostrategies that are still relevant and actual for maintaining peace, conflict resolution and maintaining social order globally today.

(Prof. DR. Drs. Ermaya Suradinata, SH, MH, MSI, is the former Director General of Social and Political Affairs of the Indonesian Ministry of Home Affairs, Chancellor of IPDN, Governor of Lemhannas RI, and currently the Expert Council for Geopolitics and Geostrategy of BPIP RI.)