Indonesia's Geopolitics and Geostrategy in View of the BRICS

Domination always appears arrogant. In the BRICS story, this arrogance is in the form of domination by developed countries such as the United States and its allied countries. So BRICS members consisting of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa opposed it.

The BRICS insists on the need to reform international institutions such as the IMF and World Bank to better represent shifting global economic power. Now it is clear that a shift in global economic power has taken place, not only being dominated by developed countries.

Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – the countries that are members of the BRICS – have all experienced significant economic growth and have become major players in the global economy. BRICS sees the value of collaboration to strengthen their position on the world economic stage.

Global influence continues to change over time. While the BRICS may provide an alternative and influence some aspects of the global economy and politics, it does not mean that US and European domination automatically collapses. Changes in global dynamics involve complexes and variable factors.

So these days the world sees the arrogance dominated by the United States and Western countries, slowly, fade away. It is outwarding gloominess, illuminate strangely, loses its sparks.

It is also evident that the group, founded in 2009, is strengthening their position on the world stage. They also routinely hold a Summit every year. For this year they are holding it in Johannesburg, South Africa, on August 22-24 2023.

The President of the Republic of Indonesia Joko Widodo is scheduled to attend the Summit Conference. This erratic course is a sign of strategic diplomacy, will bring a number of positive impacts for Indonesia.

Indonesia’s foreign policy views always emphasize the importance of multilateral diplomacy and international cooperation. At the same time, Indonesia as a member of the G20 and ASEAN can use its relationship with the BRICS to strengthen its position in international forums and to encourage collaborative solutions to global issues.

 In facing the dynamics of global politics, Indonesia’s foreign policy views continue to underline the importance of building a balanced and mutually beneficial relationship with countries and groups worldwide. In this context, the BRICS has become an important element in Indonesia’s foreign policy strategy.

In addition, it must be recognized that in today’s increasingly complex globalization era, the BRICS group has emerged as a significant geopolitical and geostrategic entity. So Indonesia views the BRICS from a geopolitical and geostrategic perspective, this is important.

The world recognizes that the four BRICS countries are a form of large economy with dynamic growth, thus Indonesia views it as important to hold trade and investment cooperation with BRICS members. It is clear that this can open opportunities for wider market access, as well as enable trade diversification to reduce dependence on traditional markets.

From a geopolitical perspective, Indonesia is strengthening partnerships and relations with various countries and groups worldwide. Then the relationship with the BRICS, can be an important alternative that supports the diversification of Indonesia’s international relations.

This relationship can further clarify that Indonesia does not depend on relations with Western countries. But it could also be forging stronger partnerships with developing countries in different regions – including with the BRICS.

Indonesia’s geopolitics and geostrategy views the BRICS as having a global outlook, such as international reform and trade institutions. Indonesia can leverage the partnership with BRICS to strengthen its position in the international realms, support its economic growth and achieve its development goals.

At the same time, Indonesia can use its relationship with the BRICS to promote investment, technology and cooperation in various sectors. For example, cooperation in agriculture, renewable energy and infrastructure can help Indonesia advance vital sectors.

Nonetheless, in developing this relationship, Indonesia must still consider balance and independence and ensure that this relationship is in accordance with the vision and principles of national foreign affairs.

(Prof. Dr. Ermaya Suradinata, SH, MH, MSI, is the former Director General of Social and Political Affairs of the Indonesian Ministry of Home Affairs, Chancellor of IPDN, and former Governor of Lemhannas RI.)